Guide To Landscape Lighting

Outdoor Lighting: What Your Need To Know

Lighting your landscape can transform your outdoor space from a blank canvas to an inviting and attractive gathering place. Not only can the right lights create a warm, inviting atmosphere, it can also provide a beautiful backdrop to your outdoor activities and entertainments. As the sun sets in the evening, proper lighting creates an inviting environment that allows you to enjoy your outdoor space well into the night. From simple spotlights to intricate, multi-lighting scenes, landscape lighting can provide a dramatic, elegant, and practical effect to your outdoor living space.

The possibilities for landscape lighting are nearly endless, and the right choice for you will depend on your outdoor space, budget, and design preferences. With a little bit of research, you can find the perfect lighting solution for your backyard lifestyle, whether you’re looking for a subtle accent or a dramatic statement piece. In this article, we’ll explore the basics of landscape lighting and help you make an informed choice for your home.

Read on to learn more about the types of lighting available, the best ways to install your lights, and the latest trends in outdoor lighting.

Definition of Landscape Lighting

Landscape lighting is an art form that combines the beauty of light with the beauty of nature. It is the use of strategically placed and controlled lights to create a dramatic effect in outdoor areas. This art form can be used to bring out the best of a garden, yard, or park. It can highlight trees, shrubs, and other plants, as well as create a warm and inviting atmosphere.

Outdoor lighting can also be used to accentuate the architecture of a home or business. With the right balance of color, texture, and brightness, your landscape lighting can transform any area into a stunning display. It is an effective way to enhance the beauty of any property and create a unique experience for visitors.

Backyard Garden with Porch and Outdoor Lamps
Backyard Garden with Porch and Outdoor Lamps
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Benefits of Landscape Lighting

  • Enhances overall outdoor aesthetic 
  • Creates a safe and secure environment 
  • Can be used to highlight and draw attention to specific features 
  • Provides additional lighting for outdoor activities and events 
  • Cost effective and efficient lighting solution 
  • Increases the value of your property 
  • Reduces energy consumption 
  • Long lasting and durable 
  • Easy to install and maintain


Landscape lighting offers a variety of benefits for both residential and commercial properties. For example, landscape lighting can increase the safety and security of a property by providing visibility of surrounding areas and illuminating pathways. Outdoor lighting can increase the curb appeal of a property, creating a warm and inviting atmosphere.

Furthermore, landscape lighting can also help conserve energy by providing light in areas that may otherwise remain dark, such as walkways and gardens. Exterior lighting can be used to create dramatic focal points, such as highlighting a garden feature or providing an artistic touch to a patio or deck. With so many advantages, it is no wonder that landscape lighting is becoming increasingly popular among homeowners and businesses alike.

To learn more about how landscape lighting can improve your property, you can contact one of our professional landscape lighting companies today. Let’s move on to the types of lights for your homes or businesses exterior.

Outdoor lights for pergola, decks and patios.

Types of Landscape Lighting

  • Pathway Lighting: Illuminate walkways, driveways, and other pathways around your home 
  • Accent Lighting: Highlight specific features of your landscape such as trees, statues, and fountains 
  • Spotlighting: Draw attention to particular elements of your landscaping
  • Wall Washers: Light up walls and other vertical surfaces 
  • Step Lighting: Provide illumination for staircases and other steps 
  • Deck Lighting: Illuminate decks, patios, and other outdoor entertaining areas 
  • Flood Lighting: Provide large areas of coverage for outdoor events and gatherings 
  • Underwater Lighting: Create a dramatic effect by lighting up ponds, waterfalls, and other water features


Landscape lights provide greater visibility and security while also enhancing the beauty of your outdoor space. There are several types of landscape lights to choose from, each with its own unique benefits.

  • Path lights are an attractive way to light up walkways and pathways. They are low-voltage lights that are available in a variety of shapes and colors. Path lights are a great way to add a decorative touch to your outdoor space.
  • Spotlights or feature lights are great for highlighting features like statues, water features, and trees. They are available in a variety of sizes and styles and can be used to create a dramatic effect.
  • Flood lights are a great way to light up large areas. They are available in both low-voltage and high-voltage options and can be used to create a bright and inviting atmosphere.
  • Submersible lights are perfect for accenting ponds, waterfalls, and other water features. They come in a variety of colors and styles to create a unique and beautiful lighting effect.
  • Deck lights are a great way to light up deck and patio areas. They are available in a variety of styles and colors to add an attractive and inviting touch to your outdoor space.

No matter what type of landscape lighting you choose, it is important to choose a reliable and energy-efficient option that will last for years to come.

Outdoor Lighting

Outdoor lighting is an important aspect of landscape lighting. It can be used to provide illumination for pathways, driveways, and other areas, as well as to create a beautiful and inviting atmosphere. Outdoor lighting can also be used to create dramatic effects, such as highlighting a particular feature or creating a bold statement. By using the right type of lighting, the landscape can be transformed into a unique and attractive space.

When selecting outdoor lights, it is important to consider the types of fixtures available. There are traditional options such as wall lights, lanterns, and floodlights, as well as modern designs such as bollard lights and string lights. It is also important to consider the amount of light needed, the type of environment the lighting will be used in, and the desired effects.

Outdoor landscape lights can be used in a variety of creative ways to create a unique atmosphere. Placing lights at various heights can help create a sense of depth and interest, while different colors can be used to create contrast or create a specific mood. By taking into account the environment, the purpose of the lighting, and the desired effects, outdoor lighting can be used to create a beautiful and inviting landscape.

Garden Lighting

Garden lighting is an integral part of landscape lighting. It adds beauty and ambiance to outdoor spaces, and can be used to highlight plants, trees, and other features of the landscape. Garden lighting can also be used to provide safety and security around the property. The right type of garden lighting can transform an ordinary garden into something spectacular.

Flower bed lighting comes in many forms, including spotlights, floodlights, post lights, and path lights. Spotlights are great for highlighting trees, sculptures, or statues, while floodlights are used to provide a broad wash of light over a large area. Post lights can be used to line walkways, while path lights can be used to add accents of light along a pathway. There are also underwater lights that can be used to create an interesting look in a pool or pond.

Backyard lighting can be used in many different ways to create the desired effect. It can be used to create paths, accentuate features, provide safety and security, or simply to add beauty to a garden. With the right lighting, a garden can be transformed from ordinary to extraordinary.

Pathway lighting

Path Lighting

Path lighting is a type of landscape lighting that provides illumination along pathways and walkways. It is designed to provide a safe and well-lit path for pedestrians and vehicles alike. Path lighting is typically mounted on posts, walls, or set in the ground, and is usually placed at regular intervals along the length of the path. 

Walkway lighting is usually used in combination with other types of landscape lighting such as accent lighting, floodlighting, and uplighting to create a more aesthetically pleasing atmosphere. Path lighting can also provide a sense of security, as it is easier to spot potential hazards in the dark. It can also create a beautiful, inviting atmosphere for visitors, making it an important part of landscape lighting design. 

Sidewalk lighting can be used to create a welcoming atmosphere for guests and can also help to highlight various features of the landscape, such as plants, trees, and water features. Path lighting can also be used to create a romantic atmosphere for couples, providing a warm and inviting atmosphere for a late night stroll.

Design Considerations

Design is an important part of any landscape lighting project. The lighting design must take into account the overall landscape and the particular needs of the individual homeowner. The goal of landscape illumination is to create an inviting outdoor living space that is both beautiful and functional. The design should also consider safety, security, and energy efficiency.

The first step in designing a lighting system is to determine the overall layout of the yard. This includes determining the placement of lights, the types of lighting fixtures, and the size of the area to be illuminated. It is also important to consider the types of lighting that are available, such as LED, halogen, and incandescent lights. The design should take into account the types of materials used to construct the lighting fixtures and the location.

The design should also consider the amount of light you need and the desired effect you are looking for. For example, an area that requires a high level of illumination, such as a driveway or walkway, may require more powerful lighting fixtures. You should also consider the amount of glare and the potential for glare to be reflected off of the landscape features.

Finally, the design should take into account the amount of energy the landscape lighting system will consume. Energy efficiency should be a priority with today’s high energy costs, as this can help to reduce energy costs and environmental impact. Energy efficient lighting fixtures such as solar lights, may be more aesthetically pleasing and may provide a more comfortable outdoor living space.

landscape ligthing designer.


  • Balance: Ensure the landscape lighting design is balanced and not too overwhelming or sparse.
  • Proportion: Make sure all elements are proportionate and in harmony with each other.
  • Color: Choose complementary colors and tones to create a cohesive design.
  • Texture: Incorporate different textures to create visual interest.
  • Lighting Effects: Use different lighting effects to create desired ambiance and mood.
  • Symmetry: Incorporate symmetrical elements to create a harmonious design.
  • Focus: Keep the focus on the landscape lighting design and use it to draw attention to specific areas.
  • Contrast: Use light and dark elements to create contrast and make the design more visually appealing.


Style is an important factor in landscape lighting design. Fixtures come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colors, so it’s important to consider the overall look and feel of the landscape when choosing the right lighting system. For example, traditional lighting fixtures with a classic style can be used to create a warm, inviting atmosphere in a garden, while modern fixtures may be used to emphasize clean lines and contemporary design. Furthermore, accent lighting can be used to highlight unique features of the landscape, such as trees, walkways, and water features. By carefully considering the lighting design and blending it with the existing landscape, a beautiful, functional outdoor space can be created.

Energy Efficiency 

  • Utilize LED lights for maximum energy efficiency
  • Choose fixtures that are Energy Star certified
  • Design landscape lighting that uses the least amount of wattage possible 
  • Utilize motion sensors or timers to turn lights off when not needed
  • Position fixtures away from dark surfaces to reduce glare
  • Utilize low voltage systems that consume less energy
  • Install shielded fixtures to direct light downward and reduce light pollution


Energy efficiency is an important factor to consider. In order to keep energy bill costs down and reduce the carbon footprint of a home or business, energy efficient lighting fixtures should be chosen and installed. LED lighting is the most energy efficient option, and it can provide the same level of brightness and visibility as traditional light bulbs while consuming less energy. 

Motion sensors and timers can be installed to ensure lights are not left on when not needed. This can further reduce energy consumption and costs. Furthermore, fixtures should be mounted in strategic locations to ensure that the lighting is focused on the areas that need illumination. 

Lighting should be used sparingly and only when necessary, as this will help to reduce energy consumption and costs. By considering energy efficiency when designing landscape lighting, homeowners and businesses can save energy and money long after the lights are installed.


  • Energy costs: Additional lighting may require additional energy consumption.
  • Installation costs: The cost of installing and wiring lighting fixtures will be necessary.
  • Maintenance costs: Routine maintenance may be required to keep the lights in good working order.
  • Replacement costs: Bulbs, wiring, and other components may need to be replaced over time.
  • Security costs: Security cameras and other equipment may be necessary to protect the lighting system.


Cost is an important factor when it comes to landscape lighting design. It’s important to weigh the cost of the project against the potential rewards it will bring to your space. Installing landscape lighting can be expensive, depending on the size and scope of the project. If you are looking to create a dramatic outdoor living space, then you may want to invest in high-end fixtures and components that can boost the overall aesthetic of your landscape. On the other hand, if you are on a tight budget, there are still plenty of options available that are more cost-effective and can still enhance the beauty of your outdoor space.

When you’re deciding on a budget for your landscape lighting project, it’s important to consider the quality of the products you are purchasing. Investing in higher quality fixtures and components may cost more upfront, but can often save you money in the long run. Higher quality products will last longer, require less maintenance, and may even be eligible for rebates or other cost savings.

It’s also important to consider the cost of labor when budgeting for a landscape lighting project. Be sure to factor in the cost of a professional installation if you don’t plan on completing the project yourself. This can help you ensure that the job is done correctly and that your lighting system will last for years to come.

Landscaping Worker Installing LED Garden Outdoor Light
Landscaping Worker Installing LED Garden Outdoor Light


• Select the appropriate type of lighting based on the area and desired aesthetic
• Ensure the necessary wiring is in place for the type of lighting being installed
• Install a waterproof junction box for the power source
• Connect each light to the power source
• Test the lights to ensure proper operation

Installing landscape lighting is a relatively simple process and can be done with minimal tools and supplies. Most landscape lighting is done with low voltage wire.

The first step is to determine the type of lighting you would like to install and the layout of the lights. There are several different types of lights that can be used for outdoor lighting, including spotlights, floodlights, and path lights. Once the type of lighting and layout are decided, the lights can be installed.

It is important to carefully map out the locations for the lights and ensure that the wiring and conduit are properly installed. This may require digging trenches or holes to run the wiring and conduit. Once the wiring and conduit are installed, the lights can be mounted and connected.

The final step is to connect the lights to a power source, such as a timer, a separate switch, or a motion sensor. This will ensure that the lights come on when needed and turn off when not in use. It is important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions when connecting the lights to ensure that it is done safely and correctly.

With a little bit of planning and the right supplies, installing landscape lighting can be a relatively easy task. Doing so will add beauty and safety to your outdoor space.

Preparing the Area 

  • Check the area for obstacles such as trees, fences, and buildings.
  • Take measurements of the area, such as length and width.
  • Determine the best placement of lights.
  • Calculate the number of lights needed.
  • Install conduit and wiring.
  • Dig trenches for wiring.
  • Level the ground for light fixtures.
  • Install light fixtures.
  • Test the system.
  • Add landscaping to hide the wiring.


When preparing the area for landscape lighting installation, the first step is to determine the correct layout. This includes mapping out the area, determining where the lights will go, and making sure there is enough space for the fixtures. 

After the layout is determined, the next step is to prepare the area by removing any debris or vegetation that may be in the way. This includes removing weeds, rocks, and other materials that may interfere with the installation process. Additionally, the area should be leveled and any obstructions such as trees or fences should be taken into account. Once the area is cleared and leveled, the installation can begin. This includes digging any trenches for wiring, placing the lighting fixtures, and connecting the wiring. 


The area should be thoroughly inspected to ensure that everything is properly connected and that no debris has been left behind. Following these steps will ensure a successful landscape lighting installation.

Choosing the Right Lighting 

Things to consider:

  • Size and shape of the area you need to light.
  • Amount of light needed to achieve the desired effect.
  • Choose the type of lights based on the type of landscape design and the purpose of the lighting.
  • Wattage of the light and the distance it needs to cover.
  • Color and intensity of light needed to create the desired effect.
  • Determine the type of fixture needed and whether it needs to be waterproof.
  • Consider the cost of the lighting system and any additional parts needed.
  • Ensure that the lights you choose are compatible with the existing wiring.
  • Consider the installation process, including how accessible the area is.
  • Consider the maintenance needs of the lighting system and the availability of the necessary tools.


The right lighting can add to the beauty of the landscape and create a pleasant atmosphere.

When selecting the right lighting for a landscape lighting installation, it is important to consider the style of the landscape and the desired atmosphere you want. Soft lighting can be used to create a calming atmosphere, while brighter lighting can provide a more energized look. 

Your lighting should be chosen with the size and shape of the landscape in mind. Lights should be placed in areas that will provide the most impact and avoid casting shadows.

The type of bulbs used in the landscape lighting should also be taken into consideration. LED bulbs are often the most energy efficient option and come in a variety of colors to help create the desired atmosphere. Halogen bulbs provide a more traditional look, while fluorescent bulbs offer a modern, clean look.

The wattage of the bulbs should be taken into account to ensure the lighting does not overpower the landscape. Low wattage bulbs can create a subtle atmosphere, while higher wattage bulbs can provide a bolder look. By taking all of these factors into consideration, homeowners can ensure they are selecting the right lighting for their landscape lighting installation.

Installing the Lights 

Important things to know about installation:

  • Measure the area to ensure proper placement of lights
  • Choose the type and style of lights, taking into consideration the existing landscape
  • Install the wiring for the lights, ensuring that it is buried deep enough to protect from damage
  • Connect the wiring to the lights and to the transformer
  • Place the lights in the desired locations and secure them to the ground or wall
  • Connect the transformer to an electrical outlet
  • Test the lights to ensure that they are functioning properly


Installing landscape lighting can be a rewarding experience. It can enhance the beauty of a home or business, as well as increase security. Proper installation is important for the overall effectiveness of the lighting. The basic steps for installing landscape lighting are: planning the layout, choosing the fixtures, connecting the fixtures, and connecting the power supply.

When planning the layout, it is important to consider the size and shape of the area, the desired light intensity and color, the number of fixtures needed, and the location of the power source. Choosing the right fixtures is also important. Different fixtures provide different levels of light intensity and color, so it is important to select the right one for the desired effect.

Once the fixtures are chosen, they must be connected. This usually involves attaching the wires to the fixtures and then connecting them to the power source. The power source can be either a transformer or a low-voltage power supply. Finally, the power supply must be connected to the fixtures. Depending on the type of connection, this could involve screw terminals, quick connectors, or some other type of connection.


Following these steps will ensure that the landscape lighting installation is done safely and properly.


Maintenance is an important part of landscape lighting. Regular maintenance ensures that lights are working correctly, bulbs are replaced when needed, and wiring is checked for any potential problems. It also prevents any potential damage or problems that may occur due to wear and tear, such as moisture and corrosion.

Regular inspections and cleaning should be carried out to ensure that your landscape lighting is in tip-top condition. Inspections should check for any damage to the wiring, fixtures, and bulbs. Cleaning should involve wiping down the surfaces of the fixtures and bulbs with a soft, damp cloth to remove any dirt or dust that has accumulated.

It’s also important to check the power supply for any issues. If the power supply is not working properly, it could cause the lights to malfunction or even cause a fire hazard. 


Could you imagine the mulch or dried leaves in a flower bed catching fire?


Finally, when replacing bulbs or fixtures, it’s important to use the correct type of bulb and properly seal any connections to prevent water damage. By following these steps, you can ensure that your landscape lighting is always in good condition and functioning properly.


You can use this as your landscape light maintenance checklist:

  • Check and replace bulbs as necessary 
  • Clean and adjust fixtures to maximize lighting effectiveness 
  • Regularly inspect wiring for damage or wear 
  • Test and reset timers and photocells 
  • Trim plants to prevent shading of lights 
  • Remove overgrown plants from around fixtures 
  • Re-stake landscape lighting fixtures that may have shifted 
  • Replace damaged or broken fixtures 
  • Repair damaged wiring or connections


Cleaning landscape lighting is an important part of proper maintenance. A regular cleaning schedule should be implemented to ensure the fixtures are working properly and the landscape lighting design looks its best. It is important to clean the fixtures and lenses of the landscape lighting to remove any dirt, dust, pollen, and other debris that may have accumulated. This will help keep the light output from the fixtures at the highest level and will also help the fixtures last longer. 

Cleaning the fixtures on a regular basis will help reduce the amount of energy they use. 

It is important to use a soft cloth and mild detergent when cleaning the fixtures, as harsh chemicals or abrasive materials may damage the finish. When cleaning the lenses, it is important to use a non-abrasive cloth and lens cleaner to avoid scratching the lenses. Cleaning landscape lighting is an important part of the overall landscape design and should be done regularly to ensure the fixtures are working properly and the design looks its best.


  • Check all connections for proper wiring and firmness.
  • Ensure that the transformer is properly plugged in and receiving power.
  • Check the circuit breaker and replace if necessary.
  • Ensure that the light bulbs are correctly placed in the fixtures and are the correct wattage.
  • Verify that the fixtures are properly grounded.
  • Make sure the timer is set properly and the photocell is functioning correctly.
  • Check all fuses and replace if necessary.
  • Make sure all switches are in the correct position.
  • Inspect the wiring for any signs of corrosion or damage.
  • Make sure that all fixtures are receiving power.
  • Make sure all GFCI outlets are functioning correctly.

Landscape Lighting Conclusion 

Landscape lighting is an excellent way to enhance the beauty of your outdoor space while also providing safety and security. With the wide variety of styles and designs available, you can find the perfect lighting solution to fit your aesthetic preferences and budget. From solar-powered options to low-voltage systems and more, you can find the perfect design for your outdoor space. So whether you’re looking for a subtle glow to add ambience or a dramatic effect to make a statement, there’s a landscape lighting option out there to meet your needs.


With proper installation, you can enjoy your outdoor living space even after the sun has gone down. Whether you are looking to add ambiance, highlight your landscaping, or provide extra security, landscape lighting is a great way to make your outdoor living space even more enjoyable.


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