Guide to Basement Sump Pumps
Are you a homeowner with a wet basement or crawlspace? If so, you may be in the market for a sump pump. Sump pumps are designed to remove water from these areas of your home and keep them dry. In this blog post, we’ll discuss everything you need to know about sump pumps, including how they work and what to look for when purchasing one.
What is a sump pump and what does it do?
A sump pump is a device that pumps groundwater and stormwater out of the foundation of your home. The water is discharged into a field away from home, out to the storm sewer or a water containment source. Sump pumps are used to protect your home from mold and structural damage. Foundation waterproofing experts use sump pumps to keep your basement dry.
A sump pump is usually installed in a sump pit, which is a hole in the floor of your basement that collects groundwater. The sump pump turns on when the water in the pit reaches a certain level and pumps the water out of the pit and away from your home.
Sump pump pits & crocks explained.
A sump pump pit is a water-collecting basin that’s installed in the lowest point of your basement or crawlspace. Its job is to collect any water that seeps in and then pump it out of your home to prevent flooding. Sump pump pits are usually made of plastic, metal, or concrete, and they come in a variety of sizes to accommodate different needs.
To install a sump pump pit, you’ll need to hire a professional sump pump installer. They’ll excavate a hole in your basement or crawlspace floor, then set the pit in place and connect it to your home’s existing drainage system. Once your sump pump pit is installed, you can add a pit cover to help keep it clean and free of debris. You may also want to use a pit deodorizer to keep the area smelling fresh. And because sump pump pits generally contain water, you may want to consider adding an automatic sump pump float switch to prevent the pump from running dry and burning out.
Common Sump Pit Sizes
- 12″ sump crocks are good for small submersible or pedestal sump pumps.
- 18″ sump pits are the standard size and are good for most pumps on the market.
- 24″ pump pits are usually used for large submersible pumps with a tethered float. Allowing more room so the float doesn’t stick in the on position.
Sump pump alarms & battery backups.
A professionally installed sump pump is one of the best ways to protect your home from flooding. But what happens if your power goes out and your sump pump can’t operate? That’s where a sump pump alarm comes in. A sump pump alarm is a device that will notify you if your sump pump fails or if the water level in your sump pit rises to a certain level.
Some sump pump alarms also have a battery backup system so that they can continue to operate even if the power goes out. If you’re looking for extra peace of mind, look for a sump pump alarm with WiFi capability so that you can be notified even if you’re not at home. And if you live in an area where flooding is a risk, consider a sump pump alarm with call-your-phone capability so that you can be alerted no matter where you are.
Protecting your home from flooding doesn’t have to be complicated – just make sure you have a professionally installed sump pump with a reliable alarm system.
Make sure your float switch works.
If you’ve ever gone to check on your sump pump only to find that the float is stuck, you know how frustrating it can be. However, there are a few things that can cause a sump pump float to stick, and there are also a few ways to fix it. One common cause of a sticking float is debris. If your float gets caught on something, it can start to stick.
Tethered floats tend to get caught on the sides of smaller crocks. So make sure your float can move freely when the water level rises and falls in the sump pit. If the float gets stuck and can not float, the pump won’t come on and flooding will happen.
Another common cause is corrosion. Over time, the float can start to break down, making it more difficult to move. There are a few ways to fix a sticking float. One is to simply remove the debris that is causing the problem. Another is to replaced the damaged parts with new ones.
Finally, you can try lubricating the float with a silicone-based lubricant. This can help to reduce friction and make it easier for the float to move up and down. If you’re having trouble with your sump pump float sticking, try one of these methods and see if it helps.
Sump pump check valves & weep holes.
A sump pump check valve is an important part of your sump pump system, and it’s important to know how to install and troubleshoot them. Check valves are designed to allow water to flow in one direction only, and they’re usually located near the sump pit or at the outlet of the sump pump. If your check valve is not working properly, it can cause a number of problems, including water leaks, reduced pump efficiency, and even sump pump failure.
Check valves can fail for a number of reasons, including improper installation, blockages, or simply wear and tear. If you suspect that your check valve is failing, the first step is to replace it with a new one. You can also try to clean the check valve and troubleshoot any other potential problems.
NOTE: You should drill a 1/8″ weep hole below the check valve so the valve doesn’t get air locked.
Pump discharge pipe or hose.
Most sump pumps do not come with a pre-installed discharge pipe. If your sump pump discharge pipe needs to be installed or replaced, it’s important to choose the right type of pipe. PVC pipes are a good option because they’re durable and easy to work with.
However, make sure to get the right size of pipe – if the pipe is too small, it will restrict the flow of water and could cause your sump pump to overheat. A good rule of thumb is what ever size the pump has for a discharge port keep your discharge pipe the same.
The slope of the discharge pipe is also important. The pipe should slope downward so that water flows away from your home. Finally, don’t forget to clean your discharge pipe regularly to prevent clogs.
What are the types of sump pumps?
- Submersible pumps are designed to be installed below the water level in the sump pit. This allows them to be completely submerged in water, making them quieter and more efficient than other types of pumps.
- Pedestal pumps are designed to be installed above the water level in the sump pit. They are less likely to become clogged with debris and are easier to service than submersible pumps. However, they can be noisy and may require more frequent maintenance.
- Back-up pumps are designed to be used in conjunction with another type of pump. They are typically used as a backup in case of a power outage or if the primary pump fails. Back-up pumps can be either submersible or pedestal.
Submersible Sump Pump
There are many different types and brands of submersible sump pumps on the market today. When installing or replacing a submersible sump pump, it is important to consider the desired flow rate, head height, and horse power.
- Zoeller brand of submersible sump pumps is a good choice for those who want a high quality pump that will last for many years.
- Wayne brand of submersible sump pumps is a good choice for those who are looking for a more affordable option.
- Liberty brand of submersible sump pumps is a good choice for those who want a pump that is easy to install and operate.
Other notable brands are Superior and Watchdog
Pedestal Sump Pumps
If you’re installing or replacing a pedestal sump pump, there are a few things you’ll need to keep in mind.
First, pedestal pumps are less likely to experience wear and tear than submersible pumps, so they tend to last longer. Second, because they’re not submerged in water, they’re less likely to be damaged by moisture.
And finally, when choosing a pedestal pump, be sure to pick a brand that’s known for reliability and durability. Everlast, Zoeller, Wayne, Superior and Liberty are all great choices.
Back-up Basement Pumps
Homeowners who live in areas prone to flooding know the importance of having a sump pump. These pumps are designed to remove water from basements and crawl spaces, preventing costly damage. The best waterproofing companies in Atlantic County recommend having a good sump pump.
However, sump pumps can fail during power outages or if the primary pump breaks down. That’s where a back-up sump pump comes in.
These pumps are powered by batteries, so they can continue to run even when the power is out. Back-up sump pumps can be installed as part of a new sump pump system, or they can be retrofitted to an existing system. Installing or replacing a battery back-up sump pump is a relatively simple process, and it could save you thousands of dollars in repair costs if your basement ever floods.
When installing a battery back-up sump pump, it is important to consider the location of the unit, as well as the type and size of battery that will be used. Most units are installed in the basement, near the main sump pump, and many homeowners opt for a similar sized unit to their existing pump.
However, there are also small, portable units available that can be placed in a closet or other out-of-the-way location. The type of battery is also an important consideration, as some batteries are designed to last longer than others.
Lead acid batteries are typically the most affordable option, but they require more frequent maintenance and may not lasts as long as lithium ion batteries. As a result, it is important to weigh all of these factors before making a purchase.
Common Sump Pump Questions
What is life expectancy of a sump pump.
7-12 years and most manufactures give a 3 year warranty.
What if my sump pump keeps running?
Float is stuck, the pump is undersized, the discharge pipe is clogged or you need a check valve.
What does it cost to install a sump pump?
If your sump pump needs to be replaced, you can expect to pay an average of $400-650 for a submersible sump pump.
If you don’t have a sump pit in your basement or crawlspace, you’ll need to have one installed, which will add to the cost.
A battery backup sump system will run about $900 to $1,200. You can install a sump pump yourself or hire a professional to do it for you.
Home Pump Conclusion
If you’re in need of a new sump pump in Atlantic County, NJ, or your current sump pump isn’t working as well as it should, we can help. We offer sump pump installation services for all types of sump pumps, and our team is experienced in dealing with basement flooding and crawl spaces that are damp.
Plus, we install battery backup sump pump systems to keep your home protected even during power outages.
Contact us today to learn more about our services and how we can help you keep your home dry and safe.
Service Area in Atlantic County, New Jersey
Egg Harbor Township